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Research Spotlights
Highlighting exceptional peer-reviewed journal publications featuring data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP).
 
Research Spotlights

Nearly 2,900 peer-reviewed journal publications feature data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). This research can impact healthcare policy, practice, and future research. Here are a few recent examples:

The effect of pre-Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid eligibility expansion in New York State on access to specialty surgical care
Aliu O, Auger KA, Sun GH, Burke JF, Cooke CR, Chung KC, Hayward RA.
Med Care. 2014 Sep;52(9):790-5.
    This study utilizes the 1998-2006 New York State Inpatient Database (SID) to examine whether Medicaid expansion increased access to common musculoskeletal procedures for Medicaid beneficiaries.

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ED use by older adults attempting suicide
Carter MW, Reymann MR.
Am J Emerg Med. 2014 Jun;32(6):535-40.
    This study utilizes the 2006 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to analyze patterns of older adult patient visits to emergency departments for self-harm and suicide-related injuries.

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Racial and ethnic disparities in severe maternal morbidity: a multistate analysis, 2008-2010
Creanga AA, Bateman BT, Kuklina EV, Callaghan WM.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 May;210(5):435.e1-8.
    This study uses the 2008-2010 State Inpatient Databases (SID) from seven states to examine racial and ethnic disparities in severe maternal morbidity during delivery hospitalizations in the United States.

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Does health information exchange reduce redundant imaging? Evidence from emergency departments
Lammers EJ, Adler-Milstein J, Kocher KE.
Med Care. 2014 Mar;52(3):227-34.
    Broad-based electronic health information exchange (HIE) is expected to produce large quality gains and cost savings. This study uses the State Emergency Department Databases for California and Florida for 2007-2010 to evaluate whether HIE adoption is associated with decreases in repeat imaging in emergency departments (EDs).

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Use of Hospital-Based Services Among Young Adults With Behavioral Health Diagnoses Before and After Health Insurance Expansions
Meara E, Golberstein E, Zaha R, Greenfield SF, Beardslee WR, Busch SH.
JAMA Psychiatry. 2014 Apr;71(4):404-11.
    This study uses the 2003-2009 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and the 2003-2009 State Inpatient Database (SID) and State Emergency Department Database (SEDD) from Maryland and Massachusetts to evaluate the association between health insurance coverage expansions and use of hospital-based care among young adults with behavioral health diagnoses.

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Epidemiology of acute pancreatitis in hospitalized children in the United States from 2000-2009.
Pant C, Deshpande A, Olyaee M, Anderson MP, Bitar A, Steele MI, Bass PF 3rd, Sferra TJ.
PLoS One. 2014 May 7;9(5):e95552
    This study uses the 2000-2009 Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) to examine the epidemiology of acute pancreatitis in hospitalized children.

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Epidemiological analysis on two decades of hospitalizations for meningitis in the United States.
Pellegrino P, Carnovale C, Perrone V, Salvati D, Gentili M, Brusadelli T, Antoniazzi S, Pozzi M, Radice S, Clementi E.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2014 Sep;33(9):1519-24.
    This study utilizes the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to analyze the trend of meningitis incidence from 1993 to 2011 and in specific age groups before and after the introduction of specific vaccines (the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 7 [PCV-7] and the meningococcal conjugate vaccine 4 [MCV-4]).

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Hospital readmissions after primary shoulder arthroplasty.
Schairer WW, Zhang AL, Feeley BT.
J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2014 Sep;23(9):1349-55.
    This study uses the State Inpatient Database (SID) from 7 different states to determine the 90-day readmission rate, causes of readmission, and risk factors for readmission for shoulder arthroplasty procedures.

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Inpatient survival after gastrectomy for gastric cancer in the 21st century.
Wang H, Pawlik TM, Duncan MD, Hui X, Selvarajah S, Canner JK, Haider AH, Ahuja N, Schneider EB.
J Surg Res. 2014 Jul;190(1):72-8.
    This study utilizes the 2001-2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to examine how changes in patient- and hospital-level factors are associated with gastric cancer outcomes over the last decade.

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A decade analysis of trends and outcomes of bariatric surgery in Medicare beneficiaries
Young MT, Jafari MD, Gebhart A, Phelan MJ, Nguyen NT.
J Am Coll Surg. 2014 Sep;219(3):480-8.

To view previous examples of research spotlights, please refer to the Research Spotlights Archives

To view a comprehensive list of publications that used HCUP data and tools, please refer to the Publications Search Feature, which provides publications listed by author. Information includes title, publication, data, and sometimes access to an abstract.

Internet Citation: Research Spotlights. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). December 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/spotlights.jsp.
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Last modified 12/11/14