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Research Spotlights
Highlighting exceptional peer-reviewed journal publications featuring data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP).
 
Research Spotlights

Over 3,500 peer-reviewed journal publications feature data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). This research can impact healthcare policy, practice, and future research. Here are a few recent examples:

The rise in metastasectomy across cancer types over the past decade.
Bartlett EK, Simmons KD, Wachtel H, Roses RE, Fraker DL, Kelz RR, Karakousis GC.
Cancer 2015 Mar 1;121(5):747-57.
    This study utilized the 2000-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to estimate the national incidence of metastasectomy for colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and melanoma.

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Effect of Race on the Prevalence of Congenital Malformations among Newborns in the United States.
Egbe A, Lee S, Ho D, Uppu S.
Ethn Dis. 2015 Spring;25(2):226-31.
    This study utilizes the 2008 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for analysis of racial differences in the prevalence of 55 selected Congenital Malformation (CM) diagnoses among live births.

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Relationship between Guillain-Barré syndrome, influenza-related hospitalizations, and influenza vaccine coverage.
Iqbal S, Li R, Gargiullo P, Vellozzi C.
Vaccine. 2015 Apr 21;33(17):2045-9. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.02.064. Epub 2015 Mar 4.
    This study utilizes the 2000-2009 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) in conjunction with National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data for analysis of hospitalizations with Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) as the principal diagnosis to determine a possible correlation between GBS hospital admissions and seasonal vaccine coverage.

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Trends in pediatric spleen management: Do hospital type and ownership still matter?
Liu S, Bowman SM, Smith TC, Sharar SR.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015 May;78(5):935-42. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000000621.
    This study utilizes the 2000, 2003, 2006, and 2009 Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) to examine changes in pediatric spleen injury management over a decade at not-for-profit and for-profit hospitals.

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Epidemiology and Outcomes of Hospital-based Emergency Department Visits with Tooth Fractures
Nalliah RP, Rampa S, Lee MK, Allareddy V, Allareddy V.
Pediatr Dent. 2015 Jul-Aug;37(4):348-54
    This study utilizes the 2008-2010 Nationwide Emergency Department Database (NEDS) for identification of characteristics and risk factors associated with tooth fractures and hospital admission rates in children under 21 years of age.

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Delayed-onset cytomegalovirus disease coded during hospital readmission in a multicenter, retrospective cohort of liver transplant recipients.
Santos CA, Brennan DC, Chapman WC, Fraser VJ, Olsen MA.
Liver Transpl. 2015 May;21(5):581-90. doi: 10.1002/lt.24089. Epub 2015 Apr 15.
    This study utilizes the 2004-2010 State Inpatient Database (SID) from 4 states for analysis of delayed-onset cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease amongst liver transplant recipients.

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Population -based study of hospital costs for hospitalizations of infants, children, and adults with a congenital heart defect, Arkansas 2006 to 2011.
Simeone RM, Oster ME, Hobbs CA, Robbins JM, Collins RT, Honein MA.
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2015 Sep;103(9):814-20
    This study utilizes the 2006-2011 State Inpatient Database (SID) for Arkansas to compare costs for hospitalizations of infants, children, and adults with congenital heart defects (CHDs).

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Hospital Transfer Network Structure as a Risk Factor for Clostridium difficile Infection
Simmering JE, Polgreen LA, Campbell DR, Cavanaugh JE, Polgreen PM.
Infect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol. 2015; 36(9):1031-1037
    This study utilizes the 2005-2011 State Inpatient Database (SID) for California to analyze the rate of Clostridium difficile infections in a hospital as related to interhospital patient transfers.

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Comparability of National Estimates for Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Medical Encounters.
Taylor CA, Greenspan AI, Xu L, Kresnow MJ.
J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2015 May-Jun;30(3):150-9. doi: 0.1097 /HTR. 0000000000000105.
    This study pairs the 2006-2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) with the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) and the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) with the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) to examine traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related hospitalizations and emergency department visits between national databases that capture US hospital data.

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Variation in US hospital emergency department admission rates by clinical condition.
Venkatesh AK, Dai Y, Ross JS, Schuur JD, Capp R, Krumholz HM.
Med Care. 2015 Mar;53(3):237-44.
    This study utilizes the 2009 National Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to describe variation in ED risk-standardized admission rates (RSAR) and the consistency between condition-specific ED admission rates within hospitals.

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To view previous examples of research spotlights, please refer to the Research Spotlights Archives

To view a comprehensive list of publications that used HCUP data and tools, please refer to the Publications Search Feature, which provides publications listed by author. Information includes title, publication, data, and sometimes access to an abstract.

Internet Citation: Research Spotlights. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). November 2015. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/spotlights.jsp.
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Last modified 11/25/15