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Research Spotlights
Highlighting exceptional peer-reviewed journal publications featuring data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP).
 
Research Spotlights

Nearly 4,000 peer-reviewed journal publications feature data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). This research can impact healthcare policy, practice, and future research. Here are a few recent examples:

Unintentional injuries treated in hospital emergency departments among persons aged 65 years and older, United States, 2006-2011
DeGrauw X, Annest JL, Stevens JA, Xu L, Coronado V.
J Safety Res. 2016 Feb;56:105-9.
    This special report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) utilizes the 2006-2011 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to investigate the increasing rates of ED-treated unintentional injuries among the population of older adults aged > 65 older.

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Epidemiology and Outcomes of Hospital-based Emergency Department Visits with Tooth Fractures
Nalliah RP, Rampa S, Lee MK, Allareddy V, Allareddy V.
Pediatr Dent. 2015 Jul-Aug;37(4):348-54
    This study utilizes the 2008-2010 Nationwide Emergency Department Database (NEDS) for identification of characteristics and risk factors associated with tooth fractures and hospital admission rates in children under 21 years of age.

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Hospital Charges for Pediatric Heart Failure-Related Hospitalizations from 2000 to 2009.
Nandi D, Lin KY, O'Connor MJ, Elci OU, Kim JJ, Decker JA, Price JF, Zafar F, Morales DL, Denfield SW, Dreyer WJ, Jefferies JL, Rossano JW.
Pediatr Cardiol. 2016 Mar;37(3):512-8
    This study utilizes the 2000, 2003, 2006, and 2009 Kids Inpatient Database (KID) to explore costs for Pediatric Heart Failure-Related Hospitalizations (HFRH) over time.

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National trends in hospital-treated self-harm events among middle-aged adults.
Olfson M, Wang S, Blanco C.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2015 Nov-Dec;37(6):613-9. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2015.08.004. Epub 2015 Aug 21.
    This study utilizes the 2000-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to analyze an increase in national trends of hospital-treated self-harm events for adults aged 45-64 years.

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In-Hospital Outcomes and Costs Among Patients Hospitalized During a Return Visit to the Emergency Department.
Sabbatini, A, Kocher, K, Basu, A, Hsia, RY.
JAMA. 2016;315(7):663-671.
    This study utilizes the 2013 State Inpatient Database (SID) and State Emergency Department Database (SEDD) from Florida and New York to track outcomes of short-term ED readmissions.

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Delayed-onset cytomegalovirus disease coded during hospital readmission in a multicenter, retrospective cohort of liver transplant recipients.
Santos CA, Brennan DC, Chapman WC, Fraser VJ, Olsen MA.
Liver Transpl. 2015 May;21(5):581-90. doi: 10.1002/lt.24089. Epub 2015 Apr 15.
    This study utilizes the 2004-2010 State Inpatient Database (SID) from 4 states for analysis of delayed-onset cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease amongst liver transplant recipients.

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Population -based study of hospital costs for hospitalizations of infants, children, and adults with a congenital heart defect, Arkansas 2006 to 2011.
Simeone RM, Oster ME, Hobbs CA, Robbins JM, Collins RT, Honein MA.
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2015 Sep;103(9):814-20
    This study utilizes the 2006-2011 State Inpatient Database (SID) for Arkansas to compare costs for hospitalizations of infants, children, and adults with congenital heart defects (CHDs).

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Hospital Transfer Network Structure as a Risk Factor for Clostridium difficile Infection
Simmering JE, Polgreen LA, Campbell DR, Cavanaugh JE, Polgreen PM.
Infect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol. 2015; 36(9):1031-1037
    This study utilizes the 2005-2011 State Inpatient Database (SID) for California to analyze the rate of Clostridium difficile infections in a hospital as related to interhospital patient transfers.

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Comparability of National Estimates for Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Medical Encounters.
Taylor CA, Greenspan AI, Xu L, Kresnow MJ.
J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2015 May-Jun;30(3):150-9. doi: 0.1097 /HTR. 0000000000000105.
    This study pairs the 2006-2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) with the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) and the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) with the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) to examine traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related hospitalizations and emergency department visits between national databases that capture US hospital data.

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Comparison of rates of emergency department procedures and critical diagnoses in metropolitan and rural hospitals.
Waymack JR, Markwell S, Milbrandt JC, Clark TR.
Rural Remote Health. 2015 Oct-Dec;15(4):3298. Epub 2015 Oct 13.
    This study utilizes the 2006 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to identify higher rates of emergency department procedures and critical diagnoses among facilities located in metropolitan areas versus their rural counterparts.

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To view previous examples of research spotlights, please refer to the Research Spotlights Archives

To view a comprehensive list of publications that used HCUP data and tools, please refer to the Publications Search Feature, which provides publications listed by author. Information includes title, publication, data, and sometimes access to an abstract.

Internet Citation: Research Spotlights. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). May 2016. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/spotlights.jsp.
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Last modified 5/25/16