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Research Spotlights
Highlighting exceptional peer-reviewed journal publications featuring data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP).
 
Research Spotlights

Nearly 2,600 peer-reviewed journal publications feature data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). This research can impact healthcare policy, practice, and future research. Here are a few recent examples:

Measuring Hospital Quality Using Pediatric Readmission and Revisit Rates
Bardach NS, Vittinghoff E, Asteria-Penaloza R, Edwards JD, Yazdany J, Lee HC, et al.
Pediatrics 2013 Sep;132(3):429-36..
    This study uses select State Inpatient Databases (SID) and State Emergency Department Databases (SEDD) from 2006-2009, the Clinical Classifications Software (CCS), and the HCUP Supplemental Variables for Revisit Analyses to investigate pediatric readmission and revisit rate variations among hospitals, as well as to determine the number of high- and low-performing hospitals.

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Emergency Department Use by Centenarians: The 2008 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample
Carey MR, Howell EM, McHugh MC.
Prev Chronic Dis. 2013 Nov 27;10:E198.
    Older adults have higher rates of emergency department use than younger adults, and the number of centenarians is expected to increase. This study uses the 2008 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to examine centenarians' use of the Emergency Department in the United States, including diagnoses, charges, and disposition.

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Mortality burden of the 2009-10 influenza pandemic in the United States: improving the timeliness of influenza severity estimates using inpatient mortality records
Charu V, Simonsen L, Lustig R, Steiner C, Viboud C.
Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2013 Sep;7(5):863-71.
    This study uses the 1990-2010 State Inpatient Databases (SID) to model inpatient mortality record to provide useful estimates of influenza severity in advance of national vital statistics release.

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Nationwide Temporal Trends in Incidence of Hospitalization and Surgical Intestinal Resection in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Diseases in the United States from 1997 to 2009
Debruyn JC, Soon IS, Hubbard J, Wrobel I, Panaccione R, Kaplan GG.
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013 Oct;19(11):2423-32.
    Data are limited on temporal trends in outcomes of hospitalization and surgery in pediatric Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. This study uses all years of the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) to evaluate the U.S. nationwide temporal trends for incidence of hospitalization and intestinal resection along with associated resource utilization.

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Guns and states: Pediatric firearm injury
Lee J, Moriarty K, Tashjian D, Patterson L.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013 Jul;75(1):50-3.
    This study uses the 2006-2009 Kids Inpatient Databases (KID) to examine the association between pediatric firearm injuries and the Stand-Your-Ground (SYG) and Child Access Protection (CAP) laws. Read more about this publication

Clinical and Economic Burden of Emergency Department Visits due to Gastrointestinal Diseases in the United States
Myer PA, Mannalithara A, Singh G, Singh G, Pasricha PJ, Ladabaum U.
Am J Gastroenterol. 2013 Sep;108(9):1496-507.
    This study uses the 2007 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to characterize the national clinical and economic burden of gastrointestinal visits to emergency departments.

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Racial Disparities in Mortality in Patients Undergoing Bariatric Surgery in the USA
Nguyen GC, Patel AM.
Obes Surg. 2013 Oct;23(10):1508-14.
    Non-Hispanic blacks bear a disproportionate burden of the growing obesity epidemic. This study uses the 1999 to 2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to assess for racial disparities in short-term outcomes following bariatric surgery.

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Comparison of Robotic and Laparoscopic Hysterectomy for Benign Gynecologic Disease
Rosero EB, Kho KA, Joshi GP, Giesecke M, Schaffer JI.
Obstet Gynecol 2013 Oct;122(4):778-86.
    The use of robotically assisted hysterectomy for benign gynecologic conditions is increasing. This study uses the 2009 and 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to examine clinical outcomes, safety, and cost of robotic compared with laparoscopic hysterectomy.

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The Quality Of Care Delivered To Patients Within The Same Hospital Varies By Insurance Type
Spencer CS, Gaskin DJ, Roberts ET.
Health Aff (Millwood) 2013 Oct;32(10):1731-9.
    This study uses 2006-2008 State Inpatient Database (SID) records from eleven States to examines the extent to which a patient's type or lack of insurance may also play a role in determining the quality of care received at any given hospital.

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Trends in immediate breast reconstruction across insurance groups after enactment of breast cancer legislation
Yang RL, Newman AS, Lin IC, Reinke CE, Karakousis GC, Czerniecki BJ, Wu LC, Kelz RR.
Cancer 2013 Jul 1;119(13):2462-8. doi: 10.1002/cncr.28050.
    This study uses the 2000-2009 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) to evaluate the impact of the Women's Health and Cancer Rights Act on patients with different insurance plans.

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To view previous examples of research spotlights, please refer to the Research Spotlights Archives

To view a comprehensive list of publications that used HCUP data and tools, please refer to the Publications Search Feature, which provides publications listed by author. Information includes title, publication, data, and sometimes access to an abstract.

Internet Citation: Research Spotlights. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). February 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov//reports/spotlights.jsp.
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Last modified 2/24/14