Skip Navigation

Research Spotlights
Highlighting exceptional peer-reviewed journal publications featuring data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP).
 
Research Spotlights

Nearly 2,600 peer-reviewed journal publications feature data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). This research can impact healthcare policy, practice, and future research. Here are a few recent examples:

Emergency Department Use by Centenarians: The 2008 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample
Carey MR, Howell EM, McHugh MC.
Prev Chronic Dis. 2013 Nov 27;10:E198.
    Older adults have higher rates of emergency department use than younger adults, and the number of centenarians is expected to increase. This study uses the 2008 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to examine centenarians' use of the Emergency Department in the United States, including diagnoses, charges, and disposition.

    Read more about this publication

Disparities in access to deep brain stimulation surgery for Parkinson disease: interaction between African American race and Medicaid use
Chan AK, McGovern RA, Brown LT, Sheehy JP, Zacharia BE, Mikell CB, Bruce SS, Ford B, McKhann GM 2nd.
JAMA Neurol. 2014 Mar;71(3):291-9.
    African American individuals experience barriers to accessing many types of health care in the United States, resulting in substantial health care disparities. This study utilizes the NIS to examine deep brain stimulation (DBS) use in Parkinson disease (PD) to determine which factors, among a variety of demographic, clinical, and socioeconomic variables, drive DBS use in the United States.

    Read more about this publication

Nationwide Temporal Trends in Incidence of Hospitalization and Surgical Intestinal Resection in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Diseases in the United States from 1997 to 2009
Debruyn JC, Soon IS, Hubbard J, Wrobel I, Panaccione R, Kaplan GG.
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013 Oct;19(11):2423-32.
    Data are limited on temporal trends in outcomes of hospitalization and surgery in pediatric Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. This study uses all years of the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) to evaluate the U.S. nationwide temporal trends for incidence of hospitalization and intestinal resection along with associated resource utilization.

    Read more about this publication

Specialization and the current practices of general surgeons
Decker MR, Dodgion CM, Kwok AC, Hu YY, Havlena JA, Jiang W, Lipsitz SR, Kent KC, Greenberg CC.
J Am Coll Surg. 2014 Jan;218(1):8-15.
    The impact of specialization on the practice of general surgery has not been characterized. This study uses the 2008 State Inpatient Databases and State Ambulatory Surgery Databases of 3 states to assess general surgeons' operative practices to inform surgical education and workforce planning.

    Read more about this publication

Insurance status and the transfer of hospitalized patients: an observational study
Hanmer J, Lu X, Rosenthal GE, Cram P.
Ann Intern Med. 2014 Jan 21;160(2):81-90.
    There is little objective evidence to support concerns that patients are transferred between hospitals based on insurance status. This study uses the 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample to examine the relationship between patients' insurance coverage and interhospital transfer.

    Read more about this publication

Does health information exchange reduce redundant imaging? Evidence from emergency departments
Lammers EJ, Adler-Milstein J, Kocher KE.
Med Care. 2014 Mar;52(3):227-34.
    Broad-based electronic health information exchange (HIE) is expected to produce large quality gains and cost savings. This study uses the State Emergency Department Databases for California and Florida for 2007-2010 to evaluate whether HIE adoption is associated with decreases in repeat imaging in emergency departments (EDs).

    Read more about this publication

Racial Disparities in Mortality in Patients Undergoing Bariatric Surgery in the USA
Nguyen GC, Patel AM.
Obes Surg. 2013 Oct;23(10):1508-14.
    Non-Hispanic blacks bear a disproportionate burden of the growing obesity epidemic. This study uses the 1999 to 2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to assess for racial disparities in short-term outcomes following bariatric surgery.

    Read more about this publication

Comparison of Robotic and Laparoscopic Hysterectomy for Benign Gynecologic Disease
Rosero EB, Kho KA, Joshi GP, Giesecke M, Schaffer JI.
Obstet Gynecol 2013 Oct;122(4):778-86.
    The use of robotically assisted hysterectomy for benign gynecologic conditions is increasing. This study uses the 2009 and 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to examine clinical outcomes, safety, and cost of robotic compared with laparoscopic hysterectomy.

    Read more about this publication

The Quality Of Care Delivered To Patients Within The Same Hospital Varies By Insurance Type
Spencer CS, Gaskin DJ, Roberts ET.
Health Aff (Millwood) 2013 Oct;32(10):1731-9.
    This study uses 2006-2008 State Inpatient Database (SID) records from eleven States to examines the extent to which a patient's type or lack of insurance may also play a role in determining the quality of care received at any given hospital.

    Read more about this publication

An examination of longitudinal CAUTI, SSI, and CDI rates from key HHS data systems
Weinberg DA, Kahn KL.
Med Care 2014 Feb;52(2 Suppl 1):S74-82.
    In response to the growing concern about healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) developed the National Action Plan to Prevent Healthcare-associated Infections. This study aims to identify and assess the strengths and weaknesses HHS data systems, including the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, available for surveillance of catheter-associated urinary tract infections, surgical site infections, and Clostridium difficile infections.

    Read more about this publication

To view previous examples of research spotlights, please refer to the Research Spotlights Archives

To view a comprehensive list of publications that used HCUP data and tools, please refer to the Publications Search Feature, which provides publications listed by author. Information includes title, publication, data, and sometimes access to an abstract.

Internet Citation: Research Spotlights. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). June 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/spotlights.jsp.
Are you having problems viewing or printing pages on this Website?
If you have comments, suggestions, and/or questions, please contact hcup@ahrq.gov.
Privacy Notice, Viewers & Players
Last modified 6/9/14