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Research Spotlights
Highlighting exceptional peer-reviewed journal publications featuring data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP).
 
Research Spotlights

Close to 3,450 peer-reviewed journal publications feature data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). This research can impact healthcare policy, practice, and future research. Here are a few recent examples:

Hospitalization costs for acute myocardial infarction patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention in the United States are substantially higher than Medicare payments.
Afana M, Brinjikji W, Cloft H, Salka S.
Clin Cardiol. 2015 Jan;38(1):13-9.
    This study utilizes the 2001-2009 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to evaluate hospitalization costs for acute myocardial infarction patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and the associated Medicare payments.

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The rise in metastasectomy across cancer types over the past decade.
Bartlett EK, Simmons KD, Wachtel H, Roses RE, Fraker DL, Kelz RR, Karakousis GC.
Cancer 2015 Mar 1;121(5):747-57.
    This study utilized the 2000-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to estimate the national incidence of metastasectomy for colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and melanoma.

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Has access to care changed in minority communities? A study of preventable hospitalizations over time in selected States
Basu J.
J Ambul Care Manage. 2014 Oct-Dec;37(4):314-30.
    This study utilizes the Arizona, California, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York State Inpatient Databases (SID) to assess the changes in access to care in minority communities by examining the association between preventable hospitalization rates and racial/ethnic composition of the community during 1995-2005.

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Vital signs: health burden and medical costs of nonfatal injuries to motor vehicle occupants - United States, 2012
Bergen G, Peterson C, Ederer D, Florence C, Haileyesus T, Kresnow MJ, Xu L; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014 Oct 10;63(40):894-900.
    This study utilizes the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) to examine the current health burden and medical and work loss costs of nonfatal crash injuries among vehicle occupants in the United States.

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Variation in hospital-based acute care within 30 days of outpatient plastic surgery
Hansen DG, Abbott LE, Johnson RM, Fox JP.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 Sep;134(3):370e-378e.
    This study utilizes the 2009-2010 California, Florida, Nebraska, and New York State Ambulatory Surgery Databases (SASD) to describe the frequency and variation of hospital-based acute care rates across ambulatory surgery centers.

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The epidemiology of chronic critical illness in the United States.
Kahn JM, Le T, Angus DC, Cox CE, Hough CL, White DB, Yende S, Carson SS.
Crit Care Med. 2015 Feb;43(2):282-7.
    This study utilizes the 2004-2009 State Inpatient Databases (SID) from Massachusetts, Nebraska, New York, and North Carolina to determine the prevalence, outcomes, and associated costs of chronic critical illness in the United States.

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Disability -adjusted life-year burden of abusive head trauma at ages 0-4
Miller TR, Steinbeigle R, Wicks A, Lawrence BA, Barr M, Barr RG.
Pediatrics. 2014 Dec;134(6):e1545-50. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-1385.
    This study utilizes the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) to estimat the disability-adjusted life-year (DALY) burden of abusive head trauma (AHT) at ages 0 to 4 years in the United States.

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Epidemiological analysis on two decades of hospitalizations for meningitis in the United States.
Pellegrino P, Carnovale C, Perrone V, Salvati D, Gentili M, Brusadelli T, Antoniazzi S, Pozzi M, Radice S, Clementi E.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2014 Sep;33(9):1519-24.
    This study utilizes the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to analyze the trend of meningitis incidence from 1993 to 2011 and in specific age groups before and after the introduction of specific vaccines (the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 7 [PCV-7] and the meningococcal conjugate vaccine 4 [MCV-4]).

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National trends in maternal use of opioid drugs among pregnancy-related hospitalizations in the United States, 1998 to 2009.
Salihu HM, Mogos MF, Salinas-Miranda AA, Salemi JL, Whiteman VE.
Am J Perinatol. 2015 Feb;32(3):289-98.
    This study utilizes the 1998-2009 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to describe national trends for opioid use among pregnancy-related hospitalizations.

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Variation in US hospital emergency department admission rates by clinical condition.
Venkatesh AK, Dai Y, Ross JS, Schuur JD, Capp R, Krumholz HM.
Med Care. 2015 Mar;53(3):237-44.
    This study utilizes the 2009 National Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to describe variation in ED risk-standardized admission rates (RSAR) and the consistency between condition-specific ED admission rates within hospitals.

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To view previous examples of research spotlights, please refer to the Research Spotlights Archives

To view a comprehensive list of publications that used HCUP data and tools, please refer to the Publications Search Feature, which provides publications listed by author. Information includes title, publication, data, and sometimes access to an abstract.

Internet Citation: Research Spotlights. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). July 2015. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/spotlights.jsp.
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Last modified 7/1/15