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Research Spotlights
More than 1,400 peer-reviewed journal publications feature data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP).
 
Research Spotlights

More than 1,400 peer-reviewed journal publications feature data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). Often, this research impacts healthcare policy, practice, and future research. Here are a few recent examples:

To view previous examples of research spotlights, please refer to the Research Spotlights Archives

Dramatic Decreases in Mortality From Laparoscopic Colon Resections Based on Data From the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.
Cone MM, Herzig DO, Diggs BS, Dolan JP, Rea JD, Deveny KE, Lu KC.
Arch Surg. 2011 May;146(5):594-9.
    This study uses the 2002-2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) and Elixhauser Comorbidity files to determine the mortality rate and associated factors for laparoscopic and open colectomy using a logistic regression model, and analyzing patient and hospital characteristics associated with in-hospital mortality.

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National Trends in utilization and postprocedure outcomes for carotid artery revascularization 2005 to 2007.
Eslami MH, McPhee JT, Simons JP, Schanzer AS, Messina LM.
J Vasc. Surg. 2011 Feb;53(2):307-22.
    This study uses hospital discharge data from the 2005-2006 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) and Elixhauser Comorbidity Software files to provide an overview of trends in utilization, mortality, and stroke after carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) at the national level.

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Psychiatric discharges in community hospitals with and without psychiatric units: how many and for whom?
Mark TL, Vandivort-Warren R, Owens PL, Buck JA, Levit KR, Coffey RM, et al.
Psychiatric Services. Jun;61(6):562-8.
    Using the 2003 State Inpatient Databases (SID) from 12 states, this analysis evaluated the characteristics of patients with psychiatric disorders treated in medical-surgical beds compared to patients treated in psychiatric units in community hospitals.

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Potentially Preventable Hospitalizations – United States, 2004-2007
Moy E, Barrett M, Ho K.
MMWR Surveillance Summ. 2011 Jan;14(60):80-83.
    This study uses AHQR Patient Quality Indicators (PQIs) and comes from the National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR) to estimate preventable hospitalizations and potential cost savings by income groups and by race/ethnicity in the United States.

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Hospital based emergency department visits attributed to dental carries in the United State in 2006.
Nalliah RP, Allareddy V, Elangovan S, Karimbux N, Allareddy V.
J Evid Based Dent Pract. 2010 Dec;10(4):212-22.
    This study uses 2006 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) data to estimate hospital-based ED visits attributed to dental carries and evaluate payer information for ED visits for adults and children in the United States.

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Emergency department care in the United States: a profile of national data sources.
Owens PL, Barrett ML, Gibson TB, Andrews RM, Weinick RM, Mutter RL.
Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2010 Aug;56(2):150-65.
    This study compares seven data sources (American Hospital Association Annual Survey Database, Hospital Market Profiling Solution, National Emergency Department Inventory, Nationwide Emergency Department Sample, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, National Electronic Injury Surveillance System–All-Injury Program, and the National Health Interview Survey) to analyze utilization and quality of care in the Emergency Department on a national level.

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Factors Affecting Hospital Charges and Length of Stay From Teenage Motor Vehicle Crash-Related Hospitalizations Among United States Teenagers, 2000-2007.
Peek-Asa C, Yang J, Ramirez M, Hamann C, Cheng G.
Accid Anal Prev. 2011 May;43(3):595-600.
    This study uses the 2002-2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to study the increasing number of hospitalizations among U.S. teenagers ages 15-18 from 2002-2007 due to a motor vehicle crash. This study assesses the significant burden places on teens and their families due to the high charges and length of stay associated with these types of hospitalizations.

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Impact of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccination on Infants on Pneumonia and Influenza Hospitalization and Mortality in All Age Groups.
Simonsen L, Taylor RJ, Young-Xu Y, Haber M, May L, Klugman KP.
MBio. 2011 Jan;2(1):e00309-10.
    This study uses the 1996-2006 State Inpatient Databases (SID) from 10 states to assess the impact of infant immunization on pneumococcal pneumonia hospitalizations and mortality. In addition, the study examines a reduction in pneumococcal disease among adults and children following the introduction of a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in the U.S. in 2000.

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Pediatric urinary tract infections: an analysis of hospitalizations, charges, and costs in the USA.
Spencer JD, Schwaderer A, McHugh K, Hains DS.
Pediatric Nephrol. 2010 Dec;25(12):2469-75.
    This study uses the 2000-2006 Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) to evaluate the impact of pediatric urinary tract infections on the economy and inpatient healthcare utilization in the United States.

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Trends in Incidence of Subtrochacteric Fragility Fractures and Bisphosphonate Use Among the US Elderly, 1996-2007
Wang Z, Bhattacharyya T.
J Bone Miner. 2011 Mar;26(3):553-613.
    This study uses the 1996-2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) and NIS-Trends Supplemental files to evaluate hip fractures and medication use in the elderly population in the United States.

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A comprehensive list of publications based on HCUP data are available within the HCUP section of the AHRQ Web site. Publications are listed by author. Information includes title, publication, data, and sometimes access to an abstract.

Internet Citation: Research Spotlights. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). August 2011. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov//reports/spotlights.jsp.
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Last modified 8/10/11