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Research Spotlights
Highlighting exceptional peer-reviewed journal publications featuring data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP).
 
Research Spotlights

More than 4,300 peer-reviewed journal publications feature data, software products, and tools from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). This research can impact healthcare policy, practice, and future research. Here are a few recent examples:

Hospital Utilization and Costs Among Preterm Infants by Payer: Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2009
Barradas DT, Wasserman MP, Daniel-Robinson L, Bruce MA, DiSantis KI, Navarro FH, Jones WA, Manzi NM, Smith MW, Goodness BM.
Matern Child Health J. 2016 Apr;20(4):808-18
    This study utilizes the 2009 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to define hospital utilizations and costs associated with preterm or low birth weight births (preterm/LBW) by payer prior to the implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) as well as determine areas where quality of care improvements can take place.

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Nationwide increase in hospitalizations for heroin-related soft tissue infections: Associations with structural market conditions.
Ciccarone D, Unick GJ, Cohen JK, Mars SG, Rosenblum D.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Jun 1;163:126-33
    This study utilizes the 1993-2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) with data from the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to examine rates of hospital admissions for opiate-related skin and soft tissue infections (O-SSTI) and association to heroin source, form, and price.

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Unintentional injuries treated in hospital emergency departments among persons aged 65 years and older, United States, 2006-2011
DeGrauw X, Annest JL, Stevens JA, Xu L, Coronado V.
J Safety Res. 2016 Feb;56:105-9
    This special report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) utilizes the 2006-2011 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to investigate the increasing rates of ED-treated unintentional injuries among the population of older adults aged > 65 older.

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Effects of a Commercial Insurance Policy Restriction on Lumbar Fusion in North Carolina and the Implications for National Adoption.
Martin BI, Deyo RA, Lurie JD, Carey TS, Tosteson AN, Mirza SK.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Jun;41(11):647-55
    This study utilizes the 2005-2012 State Inpatient Database (SID) for North Carolina in conjunction with the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to determine the impact of a commercial insurance policy change in 2011 on restriction of lumbar fusion for certain indications.

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"Halo effect" in trauma centers: does it extend to emergent colectomy?
Nagarajan N, Selvarajah S, Gani F, Alshaikh HN, Giuliano K, Zogg CK, Schneider EB, Haider AH.
J Surg Res. 2016 Jun 1;203(1):231-7
    This study utilizes the 2006-2011 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to determine if outcomes of emergency colectomy for diverticulitis differ between trauma centers (TCs) and non-trauma centers (NTCs).

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Hospital Charges for Pediatric Heart Failure-Related Hospitalizations from 2000 to 2009.
Nandi D, Lin KY, O'Connor MJ, Elci OU, Kim JJ, Decker JA, Price JF, Zafar F, Morales DL, Denfield SW, Dreyer WJ, Jefferies JL, Rossano JW.
Pediatr Cardiol. 2016 Mar;37(3):512-8
    This study utilizes the 2000, 2003, 2006, and 2009 Kids Inpatient Database (KID) to explore costs for Pediatric Heart Failure-Related Hospitalizations (HFRH) over time.

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National trends in hospital-treated self-harm events among middle-aged adults.
Olfson M, Wang S, Blanco C.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2015 Nov-Dec;37(6):613-9. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2015.08.004. Epub 2015 Aug 21
    This study utilizes the 2000-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to analyze an increase in national trends of hospital-treated self-harm events for adults aged 45-64 years.

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In-Hospital Outcomes and Costs Among Patients Hospitalized During a Return Visit to the Emergency Department.
Sabbatini, A, Kocher, K, Basu, A, Hsia, RY.
JAMA. 2016;315(7):663-671.
    This study utilizes the 2013 State Inpatient Database (SID) and State Emergency Department Database (SEDD) from Florida and New York to track outcomes of short-term ED readmissions.

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Delayed-onset cytomegalovirus disease coded during hospital readmission in a multicenter, retrospective cohort of liver transplant recipients.
Santos CA, Brennan DC, Chapman WC, Fraser VJ, Olsen MA.
Liver Transpl. 2015 May;21(5):581-90. doi: 10.1002/lt.24089. Epub 2015 Apr 15
    This study utilizes the 2004-2010 State Inpatient Database (SID) from 4 states for analysis of delayed-onset cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease amongst liver transplant recipients.

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Comparison of rates of emergency department procedures and critical diagnoses in metropolitan and rural hospitals.
Waymack JR, Markwell S, Milbrandt JC, Clark TR.
Rural Remote Health. 2015 Oct-Dec;15(4):3298. Epub 2015 Oct 13
    This study utilizes the 2006 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) to identify higher rates of emergency department procedures and critical diagnoses among facilities located in metropolitan areas versus their rural counterparts.

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To view previous examples of research spotlights, please refer to the Research Spotlights Archives

To view a comprehensive list of publications that used HCUP data and tools, please refer to the Publications Search Feature, which provides publications listed by author. Information includes title, publication, data, and sometimes access to an abstract.

Internet Citation: Research Spotlights. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). August 2016. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/spotlights.jsp.
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Last modified 8/23/16