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KID Description of Data Elements
The KID is set of longitudinal hospital inpatient databases included in the HCUP family. These databases are created by AHRQ through a Federal-State-Industry partnership.
 
 
DXn - Diagnosis
 
Documentation Sections:
General Notes
Uniform Values
State Specific Notes
General Notes
 

In the HCUP inpatient databases, the first listed diagnosis (DX1) is the principal diagnosis. In the HCUP outpatient databases, the first listed diagnosis (DX1) may not be the principal diagnosis; it may just be the first listed diagnosis on the record.

In practice, ICD-9-CM diagnoses are represented by 3- to 5-character codes with explicit decimals. In the HCUP data files, ICD-9-CM diagnoses are represented as 5-character alphanumeric codes with implicit decimals. Examples are given below (alphanumeric codes are enclosed in quotation marks):

Condition ICD-9-CM diagnosis code Alphanumeric code (with implicit decimals)
Pneumococcal pneumonia 481 '481 '
Pneumonia due to Klebsiella pneumoniae 482.0 '4820 '
Pneumonia due to Escherichia coli 482.82 '48282'
Single liveborn infant, born in hospital, delivered by cesarean delivery V30.01 'V3001'

For proper handling of diagnosis codes:

  • Alphanumeric diagnosis codes must be left-justified so that there are 2 spaces following a 3-character diagnosis code and 1 space following a 4-character diagnosis code. For example - '481 '.
  • Trailing blanks should never be zero-padded (filled with zeroes so that all 5 characters are filled for codes that should be 3 or 4 characters long). For example - '481 ' should not be changed to '48100'.
  • Leading zeroes must be preserved; they are significant.

The original value of the first listed diagnosis (DX1), whether blank or coded, is retained in the first position of the diagnosis vector. Starting at the first secondary diagnosis (DX2), the diagnoses are shifted during HCUP processing to eliminate blank secondary diagnoses. For example, if DX2 and DX4 contain nonmissing diagnoses and DX3 is blank, then the value of DX4 is shifted into DX3. Secondary diagnoses are never shifted into the first listed position (DX1).

Prior to 2003, E-codes are included in the diagnosis array (DXn). Beginning in 2003, any separately reported E-codes and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis array are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).

Diagnoses are compared to a list of ICD-9-CM codes valid for the discharge date. Anticipation of or lags in response to official ICD-9-CM coding changes are permitted for discharges occurring within a window of time around the official ICD-9-CM coding changes (usually October 1). In the data prior to 1998, a six months window (three months before and three months after) is allowed. Beginning in the 1998 data, a year window (six months before and six months after) is allowed. For example, the code for Single Liveborn changed from "V300 " to "V3000" as of October 1, 1989. Under HCUP validation procedures, "V300 " is classified as valid for discharges on December 31, 1989, and "V3000" is classified as valid for discharges on July 1, 1989. If the diagnosis is not left justified, contains intermittent blanks, or is zero filled, then the diagnosis will be invalid.

Diagnoses are compared to the sex of the patient (EDX03 beginning in the 1998 data and ED1nn prior to 1998) and the patient's age (EAGE04 and EAGE05 beginning in the 1998 data and ED3nn and ED4nn prior to 1998) for checking the internal consistency of the record.

How invalid and inconsistent codes are handled varies by data year.

  • Beginning in the 1998 data, invalid and inconsistent diagnoses are masked directly. Validity flags are not included on the HCUP record. Clinical Classifications Software (CCS) data elements are coded with respect to the diagnosis.
  Invalid Diagnosis Inconsistent Code
The value of DXn "invl" "incn"
DXCCSn Set to invalid (.A). Set to inconsistent (.C)
  • Prior to 1998 data, invalid and inconsistent diagnoses are retained on the record. Validity flags (DXVn) indicate invalid, inconsistent diagnosis codes. Clinical Classifications Software (CCS) data elements use the former name (DCCHPRn). The CCS was formerly known as the Clinical Classifications for Health Policy Research (CCHPR). The diagnosis related data elements are coded as follows:
  Invalid Diagnosis Inconsistent Code
The value of DXn Unchanged Unchanged
DXVn Set to 1 Set to inconsistent (.C)
DCCHPRn Set to invalid (.A). Retained (values 1-260)

The validity flags (DXVn) need to be used in connection with any analysis of the diagnoses (DXn).

The maximum number of diagnoses reported varies by state. HCUP retains all diagnosis fields provided by the data source.

Number of Diagnoses Provided by the Data Source
State 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Alaska n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 30 30
Arkansas n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 9 9 9 9 18 18 18 18
Arizona 11 11 11 11 11 9 9 9 9 9 25 25 25 25
California 30 30 30 30 30 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
Colorado 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 30 30
Connecticut 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
Florida 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 31 31 31 31 31 31
Georgia 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 30 30 30 30 30
Hawaii 11 11 11 11 11 15 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
Illinois 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 25 25 25
Indiana n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 15 15 15 15 15 15 18 18 60
Iowa 11 11 11 11 11 9 9 9 9 60 66 62 66 60
Kansas 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 25 30 30 30 30 30 30
Kentucky n/a n/a 10 10 11 9 9 9 9 9 25 25 25 25
Louisiana n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 9 9 9 10
Maine n/a 10 10 10 10 10 n/a n/a 10 10 10 10 11 11
Maryland 16 16 16 16 16 15 15 15 15 15 30 30 30 30
Massachusetts 10 16 16 16 16 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
Michigan n/a 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
Minnesota n/a n/a n/a 10 10 9 9 9 9 25 25 28 30 40
Mississippi n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 11 11
Missouri 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
Montana n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 25 25 25
Nebraska n/a n/a n/a 10 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Nevada n/a n/a n/a n/a 15 14 14 15 15 15 33 33 33 33
New Hampshire n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 10 10 10 10 10 10 10    
New Jersey 10 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 9 25 24 24 24
New Mexico n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 18 18 18
New York 17 17 17 17 17 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 25
North Carolina n/a n/a 15 17 18 18 18 17 17 24 24 24 25 25
North Dakota n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 40
Ohio n/a n/a n/a n/a 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
Oklahoma n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 16 16 16 16 16 16 16
Oregon 11 11 11 11 11 9 9 9 9 9 25 25 25 25
Pennsylvania 10 10 10 10 10 9 n/a n/a n/a n/a 9 9 9 18
Rhode Island n/a n/a n/a 12 12 11 11 11 25 25 25 25 25 25
South Carolina 10 10 10 12 12 10 10 10 10 15 15 15 15 15
South Dakota n/a n/a n/a n/a 11 9 9 9 9 79 61 77 83 88
Tennessee 10 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 18 18 18 18 18
Texas n/a n/a 10 10 10 9 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
Utah 10 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Vermont n/a n/a n/a 21 21 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
Virginia n/a 10 10 10 10 9 9 n/a 9 9 18 18 18 18
Washington 10 10 10 10 11 9 9 9 9 25 25 25 25 25
West Virginia n/a n/a 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 18 18 18 18 18
Wisconsin 10 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 30 30 30 30 30 30
Wyoming n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 30 30 30 30 30

Since on the KID the number of diagnoses coded on the discharge (NDX) can be greater than the number of diagnoses available on the inpatient record, caution needs to be taken when using NDX to loop through the diagnoses. A counter for the loop should not extend past 25 (15 prior to the 2009 KID). Programming code such as the following example SAS statement is needed to take this into account:

DO I = 1 to MIN(25,NDX);Followed by code to process all diagnoses.END;

 
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Uniform Values
VariableDescriptionValueValue Description
DXnDiagnosisannnnDiagnosis code
BlankMissing
invlInvalid: beginning with 1998 data, EDX02
incnInconsistent: beginning with 1998 data, EAGE04, EAGE05, EDX03
 
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State Specific Notes

Arizona

Beginning in 2008, Arizona reports six "cause of injury" E-codes in separate fields. From 2004-2007 Arizona reports five "cause of injury" E-codes in separate variables.

Arizona reports some diagnosis codes with an explicit decimal point. The decimal point was removed during HCUP processing.

Beginning with 1995 discharges, Arizona reports two "cause of injury" E-codes in separate variables. During processing of the 1995 to 2002 data, these E-codes are placed after the last non-missing diagnosis code if they are not already recorded as a secondary diagnosis. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-codes, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).



California

HIV Test Result Diagnoses

California law prohibits the release of HIV test results in patient-identifiable form to any outside party without the patient's consent. Therefore, records that include certain ICD-9-CM codes that indicate HIV test results were not included in the data supplied for HCUP. California eliminated all occurrences of these codes from the diagnosis fields and packed the diagnosis vectors to cover gaps from such removals.

The following ICD-9-CM codes were affected:

  • From January 1988 to October 1, 1994, diagnosis codes of 044.x or 795.8 were removed by the data source prior to submitting data to HCUP.
  • Beginning October 1, 1994, diagnosis codes of 795.71 or V08 were removed by the data source prior to submitting data to HCUP. These ICD-9-CM codes replaced the earlier codes.

HIV-related diagnoses 042.x and 043.x were unaffected.

The number of such diagnoses eliminated from the principal diagnosis position will be smaller than it otherwise might have been due to a practice in California that actively discourages the reporting of codes for HIV test results (044.x, 795.8, 795.71, and V08) as a principal diagnosis. During data editing, California flags discharges reporting one of these codes in the principal diagnosis position and then calls the submitting hospital to ask if the principal diagnosis should be changed. Hospitals have the option of deleting the code, changing it, or leaving it in place.

Shriner's Hospitals

Shriner's hospitals do not report diagnoses, procedures or total charges.

Psychiatric Diagnoses

Prior to 1995, some hospitals reported psychiatric diagnoses in DSM III which California then converted into ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes. The ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes are included in the HCUP database.

From 1995-1998, some psychiatric hospitals began submitting data for primary diagnosis according to DSM IV criteria. DSM IV codes are indistinguishable in appearance from ICD-9-CM codes but have substantially different meanings. Because of similarities in the coding structure, the source was unable to convert the DSM IV codes to ICD-9-CM codes. DSM IV codes may occur in the HCUP data. Psychiatric hospitals may be included in the California data; no documentation was available on the use of DSM IV codes in psychiatric units of acute care hospitals.

Beginning in 1999, DSM psychiatric codes are not accepted by OSHPD and are not present in the HCUP databases.

E-Codes

Beginning with 1990 discharges, the source reports five "cause of injury" E-codes as separate variables. During processing of the 1990 to 2002 data, E-codes were placed after the last non-missing diagnosis code. Beginning in 2003, the five separately reported E-codes, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).

California does not require the reporting of E-codes in the range E870-E879 (misadventures and abnormal reactions).



Hawaii

Hawaii reports one "cause of injury" E code as a separate data element. Prior to 2003, During HCUP processing, this E code was placed after the last non-missing diagnosis code during HCUP processing. Beginning with 2003 HCUP processing, this E code is placed at the beginning of the separate HCUP E-code array (ECODEn).



Illinois

Illinois supplied diagnosis codes in a field of length 6. Only the first five characters contained in the left-justified source field were used to assign the HCUP diagnosis codes.



Iowa

Beginning in data year 2001, the Iowa Hospital Association prohibits the release of two types of discharges:

  • HIV Infections (defined by MDC of 25) and
  • Behavioral Health including chemical dependency care or psychiatric care (defined by a service code of BHV).

These discharges were not included in the source file provided to HCUP and are therefore not included in the HCUP files.


Beginning in 1994, Iowa reports one "cause of injury" E-code. Beginning in 1998, Iowa added one "place of injury" E-code. During processing of the 1994 to 2002 data, these separately reported E-code variables are placed at the end of the diagnosis vector; since the vector is packed during processing to remove blanks, the position of the E-code for a specific discharge depends on the number of diagnoses reported. Beginning in 2003, the two separately reported E-codes, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).



Kentucky

Prior to 2002, Kentucky reports one "cause of injury" E-codes as a separate variable. Beginning in June 2002, Kentucky reports two separate E-code fields. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, these separately reported E-codes were placed after the last non-missing secondary diagnosis. Beginning in 2003, the two separately reported E-codes, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn). Beginning 2008, a third E-code was provided and placed into the E-cdoe arrays.


Kentucky supplied diagnosis codes in a field length of 7. Only the first five characters contained in the left-justified source field were used to assign the HCUP diagnosis codes.



Maryland

Maryland reports one "cause of injury" E-code as a separate variable. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, this separately reported E-code was placed after the last non-missing secondary diagnosis. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).

Maryland supplied diagnosis codes in a field of length 7. Only the first five characters contained in the left-justified source field were used to assign the HCUP diagnosis codes.

The last secondary diagnosis field on the source data was 9-filled instead of blank when no diagnosis was coded. During HCUP processing, the 9-filled diagnosis was set to blank.



Massachusetts

Beginning in 1993, Massachusetts reported one "cause of injury" E-code. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, the separately reported E-code was placed after the last non-missing secondary diagnosis. E-codes can appear in other secondary diagnosis codes. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).



Nebraska

The Nebraska Hospital Association prohibits the release of discharge records for patients with HIV diagnoses. These discharges were not included in the source file provided to HCUP and are therefore not included in the HCUP files.


Nebraska reports one "cause of injury" E-code in a separate variable. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, this E-code was placed after the last non-missing diagnosis code. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code, and any E-code encountered in the diagnosis variables are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).



New Hampshire

New Hampshire reports one "cause of injury" E-code as a separate variable. The separately reported E-code and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).



New Jersey

Beginning with 1993 discharges, New Jersey reports one "cause of injury" E-codes as a separate variable. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, this E-code was placed after the last non-missing diagnosis code. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).

Before 1994, the diagnosis codes provided by the state were right-padded with zeros (e.g., the diagnosis code '436' was supplied as '43600'). For the HCUP database the following algorithm was used to validate the diagnosis codes:

Check the five-digit code for validity (using a six-month window for coding changes, 3 months before and 3 months after October of each year when ICD-9-CM coding changes occur).

  1. If the five-digit code is valid, set DXn to the five-digit code and set DXVn = 0.
  2. If the five-digit code is invalid and the fifth digit is a zero, create a four-digit code by deleting the trailing zero and re-check for validity (using six-month window for coding changes). If the four-digit code is valid, set DXn to the four-digit code and set DXVn = 0.
  3. If the four-digit code is invalid and the fourth digit is a zero, create a three-digit code by deleting the trailing zero and re-check for validity (using six-month window for coding changes). If the three-digit code is valid, set DXn to the three-digit code and set DXVn = 0.
  4. If the five-, four- and three-digit codes are invalid, save the original five-digit code and set the validity flag to indicate an invalid code (DXVn = 1).


New York

Beginning in 2008, New York suppressed the identifier for the hospital (DSHOSPID) on records with an indication of induced abortion. These records are retained in the HCUP SID with the DSHOSPID set to "BLNK". New York identifies an indication of induced abortion by ICD-9-CM diagnosis or procedure code:

  • An admitting, principal, or secondary diagnosis of "6350" through "6399", or "7796".
  • A principal or secondary procedure of "690", "695", "696", "6993", "738", "7491", "750", or "9649".

Beginning in 1993, New York reports "cause of injury" and "place of injury" E-codes. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, these separately reported E-codes were placed after the last nonmissing secondary diagnosis. When a "cause of injury" E-code in the range of E850.0-E869.9 or E880.0-E928.9 was reported, then a "place of injury" E-code was also reported. If the hospital stay involved the possibility of classifying more than one situation or event, only the single cause of injury, poisoning, or adverse effect that was most severe was reported. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-codes, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).



North Carolina

North Carolina supplied diagnosis codes in a field length of 6. Only the first five characters contained in the left-justified source field were used to assign the HCUP diagnosis codes.



Oregon

Prior to 1998, Oregon reports one "cause of injury" E-code as a separate variable. Between 1998 and 2002, Oregon reported two "cause of injury" E-codes. During HCUP processing, these separately reported E-codes are placed after the last non-missing secondary diagnosis.

Beginning in 2003, the two separately reported E-codes, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).

Oregon supplied diagnosis codes in a field of length 6; beginning in 2008, the field length became 7. Only the first five characters contained the diagnosis code and were used to assign the HCUP diagnosis codes.



Pennsylvania

Beginning with 1993 discharges, Pennsylvania reports one "cause of injury" E-code as a separate variable. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, this E-code was placed after the last non-missing diagnosis code. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).



South Carolina

Prior to 2000 data, a small number of discharges explicitly included decimals in the diagnosis field, usually the decimal is implicit. This is problematic because South Carolina supplied diagnoses in a field of length 5. If decimals were included, then a valid 5-digit code would be truncated. For example, the diagnosis for unspecified sickle cell anemia "28260" would be incorrectly reported as "262.6". Prior to 1998, invalid diagnosis codes are marked by a validity flag (DXVn = 1). Beginning in 1998, invalid diagnosis codes are masked (Dxn = "invl").


Beginning in 2000 data this was no longer a problem; explicit decimals were not included in the diagnosis codes.



South Carolina

E-codes
Prior to data year 2000, one cause of injury E-code and one place of injury E-code may be missing from South Carolina discharges even though E-codes are present in the secondary diagnosis fields. Separate E-code fields that are collected by the data organization in South Carolina were not obtained for HCUP. Beginning in 2000, these separate E-code fields were obtained by HCUP. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-codes, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).


South Carolina does not require the reporting of E-codes in the range E870-E879 (misadventures and abnormal reactions). Beginning with the 2003 databases, these E-codes were removed from the HCUP data, however they may be present on earlier years of HCUP data. AHRQ researchers and project staff may not include these diagnosis codes in any analyses (effective May 2004).



Tennessee

Tennessee reports one "cause of injury" E-code as a separate variable. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, this E-code was placed after the last non-missing diagnosis code. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).



Texas

Texas provides five "cause of injury" E-code as a separate variable. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, this separately reported E-code was placed after the last non-missing secondary diagnosis. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).


Texas supplied diagnosis codes in a field length of 6. Only the first five characters contained in the left-justified source field were used to assign the HCUP diagnosis codes.



Utah

Utah reports one "cause of injury" E-code as a separate variable. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, this E-code was placed after the last non-missing diagnosis code. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).



Virginia

Virginia reports one "external injury code" E-code as a separate data element. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, this E-code was placed after the last non-missing diagnosis code. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code, and any E-code encountered in the diagnosis variables are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).



Vermont

Vermont reports one "cause of injury" E-code as a separate variable. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, this separately reported E-code was placed after the last non-missing secondary diagnosis. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).

Vermont supplied diagnosis codes in a field of length 6. Only the first five characters contained in the left-justified source field were used to assign the HCUP diagnosis codes.



Washington

Washington reported diagnosis codes in a field of length 7. Only the first five characters contain the diagnosis code and were used to assign the HCUP diagnosis code.

Washington reports only one "cause of injury" E-code. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, any separately reported E-code was placed after the last non-missing secondary diagnosis. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).



West Virginia

West Virginia reports one "cause of injury" E-codes as a separate variable. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn). Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-codesand any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).


West Virginia supplied diagnosis codes in a field length of 6. Only the first five characters contained in the left-justified source field were used to assign the HCUP diagnosis codes.



Wisconsin

To comply with statutory requirements, Wisconsin modified diagnosis and procedure codes that explicitly referenced induced termination of pregnancy to eliminate distinctions between induced and spontaneous termination. The following codes were modified:

  • Diagnoses with the first three digit of 634, 635, 636, 637, 638 were recoded to 637, while retaining the reported fourth digit,
  • Procedure 6901 was changed to 6902,
  • Procedure 6951 was changed to 6952,
  • Procedure 6993 was changed to 6999,
  • Procedure 7491 was changed to 7499,
  • Procedure 750 was changed to 7599, and
  • Procedures 9641-9649 were changed to 964 (which would be flagged as invalid, PRV=1).

Wisconsin reports one "cause of injury" E-code. Prior to 2003, during HCUP processing, this separately reported E-code was placed after the last non-missing secondary diagnosis. Beginning in 2003, the separately reported E-code, and any E-codes encountered in the diagnosis variables, are placed in a separate array specific to E codes (ECODEn).


 
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Internet Citation: HCUP KID Description of Data Elements. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). September 2008. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/db/vars/dxn/kidnote.jsp.
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Last modified 9/17/08